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ACTIVE & PASSIVE VOICE
Passive voice is used when the focus is on the action; not on who or what is performing the action. In passive voice, the object of a verb appears to perform an action so that the effect of that action appears to fall on the subject. In active voice, the subject of a verb performs an action. The effect of the action may or may not fall on an object, that is, the verb may or may not have an object.
Examples : The maid opened the door. The girl laughs, in the first sentence, ‘opened’ is the verb or the action; the ‘maid’ is the subject or the ‘doer’ who performs that action; and the ‘door’ is the object on whom the effect of that action is directed. In the second sentence, ‘laughs’ is the verb or the action; and the ‘girl’ is the subject or the doer of that action. There is no object because the effect of the girl’s laughing cannot be directed at another object.
Example : His car was stolen. Here, the focus is on the fact that his car was stolen. It is not known, however, who did it. Example: A mistake has been made. In this case, the focus is on the fact that a mistake has been made, but nobody is blamed. When interchanging active sentences in passive voice, note the following: · the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence · the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle) · the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)
Group 1 Model Question